Hearst, William Randolph

(29 abr. 1863, San Francisco, Cal., EE.UU.–14 ago. 1951, Beverly Hills, Cal.).

Editor estadounidense de periódicos. En 1887, Hearst tomó el control del alicaído diario San Francisco Examiner, y lo reconstituyó gracias a una acertada combinación de periodismo investigativo y sensacionalismo escabroso. Después de adquirir el New York Morning Journal (posteriormente New York Journal-American) en 1895, libró fieras batallas con otros periódicos para controlar la circulación y contribuyó a instaurar la época de la prensa amarilla, mediante el uso de estrategias para inflar la circulación que tuvieron una profunda influencia en el periodismo estadounidense. Un reportaje tergiversado en los periódicos de Hearst fue lo que avivó el antihispanismo público que derivó en la guerra hispano-estadounidense. Fue congresista (1903–07); sin embargo, fracasó cuando se postuló para otros cargos públicos. En la década de 1920 construyó un grandioso castillo en San Simeón, Cal. En 1935 se encontraba en la cúspide de su fortuna, y poseía 28 periódicos destacados, 18 revistas, estaciones de radio, productoras cinematográficas y agencias de noticias. Sus extravagancias y la Gran Depresión lo debilitaron financieramente, y en 1940 había perdido el control de su imperio. Pasó sus últimos años virtualmente como un recluso.

William Randolph Hearst, 1906.
Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

Mira otros diccionarios:

  • Hearst,William Randolph — Hearst (hûrst), William Randolph. 1863 1951. American newspaper and magazine publisher. Beginning with the San Francisco Examiner in 1887, he built the world s largest publishing empire, comprising 28 major newspapers. A passionate collector, he… …   Universalium

  • Hearst, William Randolph — born April 29, 1863, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. died Aug. 14, 1951, Beverly Hills, Calif. U.S. newspaper publisher. Hearst in 1887 took over the struggling San Francisco Examiner, which he remade into a successful blend of investigative… …   Universalium

  • Hearst, William Randolph, Jr. — ▪ 1994       U.S. journalist and newspaper proprietor (b. Jan. 27, 1908, New York, N.Y. d. May 14, 1993, New York), shared a 1956 Pulitzer Prize for international reporting shortly after being named editor in chief of the Hearst Corp. The… …   Universalium

  • Hearst, William Randolph — (1863 1951)    Future news magnate William Randolph Hearst was born in San Francisco, California. After studying at Harvard University from 1882 until 1885, he began a career as a journalist and gradually built up a newspaper empire, acquiring… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • William Randolph Hearst — William Randolph Hearst …   Wikipedia Español

  • William Randolph Hearst (disambiguation) — William Randolph Hearst may refer to: *William Randolph Hearst (1863–1951), American newspaper magnate *William Randolph Hearst, Jr. (1908–1993), son of William Randolph Hearst *William Randolph Hearst II (born 1942), grandson of William Randolph …   Wikipedia

  • William Randolph Hearst — Infobox Person name = William Randolph Hearst image size = 170px caption = birth date = birth date|1863|4|29|mf=y birth place = San Francisco, California, USA death date = death date and age|1951|8|14|1863|4|29 death place = Beverly Hills,… …   Wikipedia

  • William Randolph Hearst, Jr. — For other people named William Randolph Hearst, see William Randolph Hearst (disambiguation) William Randolph Hearst, Jr. (January 27, 1908 – May 14, 1993) became editor in chief of Hearst Newspapers after the death of his father, William… …   Wikipedia

  • William Randolph Hearst — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hearst. William Randolph Hearst William Randolph Hearst, né à San Francisco le 29 avril  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William Randolph Hearst — noun United States newspaper publisher whose introduction of large headlines and sensational reporting changed American journalism (1863 1951) • Syn: ↑Hearst • Instance Hypernyms: ↑publisher, ↑newspaper publisher * * * William Randolph Hearst… …   Useful english dictionary

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